Canadian One Dollar Varieties


This page shows the major die varieties since Canadian silver and nickel 1 dollar coins were introduced in 1935. It does NOT cover "die blunders", where dies were re-punched with different years (and the previous number is visible below the current number), or where cracks appeared in the dies causing unwanted lines to appear in the coin. It also does not cover date doubling or special coins created for the collector market. All of the coin designs displayed here were minted for general circulation as legal tender.

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1935 Short Water Lines Reverse
- Three or four short water lines. None of the water lines should touch the canoe.

1946 Short Water Lines Reverse
- Three or four short water lines. None of the water lines should touch the canoe.

1947 One Dollar Reverse Varieties

1947 Pointed 7 Reverse

In 1947, two different varieties of text were used in the date. The initial die used for 1947 one dollar coins was the "Pointed 7" variety.

1947 Pointed 7 Dot Reverse

At some point in the 1947 production run a "specimen" die was used for manufacturing business strike coins.
A very small accidental pit appeared to the right of the date on this die, which resulted in the "Pointed 7 Dot" Variety.

1947 Blunt 7 Reverse

Later in the production run the die was switched to a new one with a "Blunt 7" instead of the pointed version.

1947 Maple Leaf Reverse

In 1948, India was granted independance from the British Empire. Because of this, the words "ET IND IMP" (And Emperor of India) had to be removed from all obverse coin dies.
There was a demand for new 1948 coins, but delays in the manufacture of the updated dies forced the Mint into a second production run using the 1947 dies. To differentiate regular 1947 coins from the second production run a small maple leaf was engraved to the right of the date on the reverse dies:

1950-1957 Reverse Varieties
The Voyageur design should include four water lines at each end of the canoe (three water lines and a horizon line. The horizon line is just above the bottom of the island).
Between 1950 and 1957 the reverse dies were polished and modified several times. As a result some of these water lines were partially or completely removed.

 

Variant 1: Full Water Lines
- All three water lines plus the horizon line. At least ONE water line touches the canoe (1950-1957).



Variant 2: Short Water Lines
- Three or four short water lines. None of the water lines touches the canoe (1950-1954).





Variant 3: "The "Arnprior"
- 1-1/2 water lines (no trace of the bottom water line). None of the water lines touches the canoe. Note that while 1950-1952 issues include an "Arnprior" version, the only TRUE Arnprior coins were manufactured in a dedicated production run in 1955 for a firm in Arnprior, Ontario. A true 1955 arnprior will also have a die break between the "T" and "I" in "GRATIA".(1950-1952, 1955).


Variant 4: No Water Lines (1952 only).


Variant 5: One Water Line (1957 only).


1953 Obverse Varieties
Because of die polishing a variant exists in 1953 coins where the shoulder strap cannot be easily seen. This variant is referred to as "No Shoulder Fold":

1953 Shoulder Fold (intended design)

1953 No Shoulder Fold

1964 Reverse Varieties

There are two varieties of the 1964 silver dollar. If you look above the dot between the "C" in Quebec and the "N" in Charlottown you will see the designer's initials "T.S."
On some coins the dot between T and S is missing. This is called the "No Dot" variety.

1965 Obverse Varieties
Variety 1+2 (Small Beads):

Variety 5 (Medium Beads):

Variety 3+4 (Large Beads):
Manufacturing problems with the new effigy led to a number of changes to the 1965 die sets:

The first die design used was the "Small Beads" variety. That design led to a very poor die life, so it was fine tuned.

This obverse was paired with both reverse varieties to produce the first two overall varieties of the coin:
- Type 1: (SB-P5) Small Beads Obv, Pointed 5 Rev
- Type 2: (SB-B5) Small Beads Obv, Blunt 5 Rev








A single die set was then produced with "Medium Beads" and that design proved that an obverse with the field sloping up at the edge was preferred.

This obverse was paired with only one reverse variety to produce the fifth overall variety of the coin:
- Type 5: (MB-P5) Medium Beads Obv, Pointed 5 Rev

(Note this type may not seem to be numbered in sequence. This is because it was the last variety to be discovered)








A final "Large Beads" design was created that incorporated more fine tuning.

This obverse was paired with both reverse varieties to produce two overall varieties of the coin:
- Type 3: (LB-B5) Large Beads Obv, Blunt 5 Rev
- Type 4: (LB-P5) Large Beads Obv, Pointed 5 Rev


1965 Reverse Varieties
In 1965 two varieties of reverse were manufactured (Pointed 5 and Blunt 5):



1966 Obverse Varieties
In 1966 two varieties of obverse were manufactured (Small Beads and Large Beads):



1968 Reverse "Island" Varieties
The Voyageur design should include the tip of an island to the right of the canoe. There are three varieties related to the size or presence of this island:

1968 Varieties:

Variant 1: Normal Island

Variant 2: Small Island

Variant 3: No Island


1968 "Horizon Line" Reverse Varieties
In 1968 three varieties of reverse were used - the normal (intended) type, and two varieties created by die polishing and re-engraving:



1974 Reverse Varieties
Aside from the original (intended) Single Yoke design, there are three main varieties available for this coin:

 - Double Yoke 1

 - Double Yoke 2

 - Double Yoke 3

Note: a very thorough list of all variants can be found at the following web page:
The Attribution Guide to 1974 Canadian Nickel Dollar Varieties by Ken Potter -- NLG
Standard Single Yoke:


Double Yoke 2:
Double Yoke 1:


Double Yoke 3:

1982 Obverse Varieties
The Constitution Commemorative Dollar
Note there are two varieties of the Constitution dollar:
In one variety the second jewel from the top on the Queen's crown is large.
In the other variety the jewel is smaller:

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